This basic floor covering preparation steps apply to all flooring tiles in kitchen or bathroom or with any tiles, mosaic or ceramic and more. If this is your first time doing some floor projects (e.g., tiling) we would recommend starting out with projects on the floor as it is a better place to begin than on a wall because it requires even more skill due to the vertical nature of the walls, in tangent with the effect of gravity.
Every project is different and not all step-by-step instructional are exhaustive. If you are doing this in your own home, you will inevitably encounter something not covered by this or any floor covering preparation steps but if you follow these steps, generally, you will find success in your project.
BASIC FLOOR COVERING PREPARATION STEPS
STEP 1: PREP THE SUBFLOOR
This is the most important step. This is a determining factor whether the tiling will be successful or not. But what exactly is a subfloor? It is a catch-all term for the floor underneath your finished floor. There are two primary types of subfloor: wooden and concrete. Both suffer from the same tile-killing issue: movement. Wood moves and flexes with humidity and changes in temperatures; concrete can move depending on humidity, moisture, soil movement, and temperature.
FOR WOODEN SUBFLOORS
Any staples should be removed and any screws or nails that are sticking up too far should be driven down. Install a cement backer board to set a good base for your tile and prevent any movement-related cracking of tile or grout.
Backer board is screwed down to wood subfloor using specific backer board screws and mortared down with tile adhesive mortar plywood subfloor. Remember to tape and mortar the joints between the pieces of backer board. Crack prevention membrane is mortared down ion both surfaces. This membrane also acts as a waterproofing membrane and is helpful addition in a wet area, a second floor, or a plywood subfloor application. A notched trowel is used to spread the mortar at a 45-degree angle to the plywood subfloor.
FOR CONCRETE SUBFLOOR
When dealing with concrete subfloors, any old adhesive should be removed and any cracks should be patched/filled with the appropriate product. You could always look up for stores or ask for advice from experts on floor preparation contractors if you want to know what the best product for you to use is. Use a floor scraper to remove any loose debris. For old adhesive or mortar, this may require some elbow grease and possibly grinding to remove from the subfloor and allow the new mortar to bond so if you are unsure, it is better to contact floor covering preparation experts for professional advice. Floor tiles can be installed directly onto a concrete subfloor.
Whether wooden or concrete, the importance of this step is to make sure your subfloor is clean and free of debris. For better results you should consider hiring floor preparation contractors so not to waste your money and have the best floor covering preparation.
STEP 2: RECTIFY ANY DEFECTS
A subfloor that has broken concrete, damaged wooden boards, loose nails, or cracks needs to be repaired. The subfloor needs to be 100% defect free before any type of new flooring can be installed.
STEP 3: LEVEL THE SUBFLOOR
The floor must be evened out especially if you want a grind and seal concrete floor. Check for any low spots. When doing this step, make sure that the subfloor is structurally solid and capable of supporting the load of the floor. There is a debate on what is the correct “self-levelling” and what measurements are the correct one but if the client requires a perfectly flat floor, this needs to be communicated to the main contractor responsible for the application to ensure that everything is placed with accuracy. It is very crucial to specify the depth as well as the hardness of the screed that you want installed during floor covering preparation.
STEP 4: ENSURE THE SUBSTRATE IS CLEAN AND DRY
You need to make sure that the substrate is completely clean and dry especially if you want a clean epoxy floor coating. All curing agents, dust, debris, surface contaminants need to be removed because contamination on the surface can have a negative impact on the bond between the underlayment and the substrate. In some circumstances, a moisture test may also be needed to be done.
STEP 5: CONSIDER PRIMING SYSTEMS
The type, and finish, of subfloor you are working on and the kind of floorcovering you are installing may necessitate a priming system to achieve a good bond onto the substrate.
WHAT TO EXPECT DURING THE PREPARATION AND INSTALLATION?
You might think of this your chance for a DIY project as you can purchase epoxy floor kits but professional installations is highly recommended for the best results. Proper floor covering preparation, primer application, epoxy mixing, and other vitals steps must take place before the epoxy goes down. Plus, once the application starts, you must work quickly before the epoxy dries.
Hiring professionals means that you will get quality epoxy flooring services. This involves giving careful attention to each step in the process. From the time floor preparation starts to when the epoxy has completely cured, the entire installation takes about four to five days. The time you spend parking your car in the driveway is well worth the wait.
WHERE TO GET THE BEST FLOOR PREPARATION SERVICES?
Renucrete has years of experience, highly professional and skilled employees and most of all modern techniques and equipment that will surely help in the floor covering preparation project you want. If you want to learn more, explore our official website or contact us so we can directly answer all your questions.